The requirement for the BBC to report impartially is grounded in both its founding principles and regulatory framework. The key elements being:

  1. Charter and Agreement

The BBC operates under a Royal Charter and an accompanying Agreement with the UK government, which set out its public purposes and obligations, including the requirement for impartiality.

  1. Editorial Guidelines

The BBC Editorial Guidelines provide detailed instructions on how to achieve impartiality. They include principles such as:

  • Accuracy: Ensuring all news and information are accurate and based on sound evidence.
  • Fairness: Presenting stories in a balanced manner, giving a fair representation of different viewpoints.
  • Transparency: Clearly distinguishing between opinion, analysis, and fact.
  1. Ofcom Regulation

Ofcom, the UK’s communications regulator, oversees the BBC’s compliance with impartiality requirements. Ofcom’s Broadcasting Code includes specific rules on impartiality and due accuracy.

  1. Internal Oversight

The BBC has an internal governance structure to monitor and enforce impartiality, including:

  • Editorial Policy Department: Provides guidance and oversight on editorial standards.
  • BBC Trust (until 2017): Previously ensured the BBC met its public obligations, now replaced by the BBC Board.
  • BBC Board: Oversees the delivery of the BBC’s mission and public purposes, ensuring adherence to impartiality standards.

Key Principles of Impartial Reporting

  1. Balance
  • Provide a broad range of viewpoints over time.
  • Ensure no significant perspective is left out or underrepresented.
  1. Neutrality
  • Avoid bias by not promoting any particular view.
  • Ensure personal opinions of journalists do not influence reporting.
  1. Contextual Accuracy
  • Ensure that facts are presented in a context that does not mislead the audience.
  • Provide sufficient background information for a comprehensive understanding.
  1. Plurality
  • Reflect a wide array of opinions and perspectives, particularly on controversial issues.
  • Ensure minority viewpoints are also heard and fairly represented.


The BBC’s commitment to impartiality is a fundamental aspect of its mission to inform, educate, and entertain. This commitment is enshrined in its Royal Charter, regulated by Ofcom, and enforced through robust internal guidelines and oversight mechanisms.